Today I have uploaded 6 lesson plans on Surrealism for year 8 students. Along with these lesson plans are an assessment sheet, powerpoint presentation, examples of activities, elements and principles help cards and notes on surrealism.
These are part of a university assessment. Feel free to use these lesson plans in your own classroom.
Surrealism Lesson Notes
What is Surrealism?
Surrealism first began around 1910, though it really took off in the 1920’s. Surrealism followed on from the post World War 1 art movements of Cubism and Futurism. Surrealism took on a whole new thinking of art and really pushed the boundaries of ‘what is art?’ Surrealism was really an anti-establishment movement, which harnessed the power of the unconscious. Many Surrealist artists tried to display a dream like state in their artworks.
Of course there were many artists associated with the Surrealist movement, but today I will only mention a few. Most of you would have heard of the artist Salvador Dali. Can anyone name one of his artworks? (Melting clocks – ‘The Persistence of Memory’. Salvador Dali was a Spanish artist and very well known for his ‘weird’ personality. He was the guy who made the curly mustache popular. Dali was very much influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud the inventor of psychoanalysis. Freud’s theories related to the power of the unconscious mind and this is what Dali focused on in his works.
Another Surrealist artist which you may have heard of is Marcel Duchamp, who seemed to push the boundaries of art to a whole new level at that point in time. Duchamp is famous for his ‘readymade’ works, such as his work ‘L.H.O.O.Q’ which is an appropriated image of the Mona Lisa where he has drawn a mustache onto the image, ideally changing the entire nature of the work.
There are various techniques, which are important to Surrealism. Some of these techniques include; automatic writing (where you would write continuously without stopping), collage (I believe everyone would have an understanding of what a collage is), cut- up technique (where words from a text are individually cut up and then rearranged to form a different sentence), frottage (where place paper over a surface and rub over the paper with a pencil or something to get an imprint of the surface), Exquisite corpse (where various images are cut up and rearranged to create a new image), and there are many more techniques. The exquisite corpse technique is what we will be doing as an activity today.
Year 8 – Visual Art
– Create an A3 sized Surrealist artwork.
– You must include all three of the Surrealist techniques used in class. These include: Exquisite Corpse, Bulletism and Frottage.
– You may use a variety of materials. These materials include: inks, watercolour pencils, watercolour paint, grey lead pencils, pencils and collage.
– Use the elements and principles of design to construct your artwork.
– Your visual diaries are included in your assessment.
– You must record your progress in your visual diary and submit it along with your Surrealist artwork.
Questions to answer in your visual diary once your artwork is complete.
– What is the title of my work?
– How did I create this artwork?
– What materials were used?
– How is this a Surrealist artwork?
– What artists inspired me?
– What elements and principles did I use?
– Point out your favourite part of the work.
Due: At the start of lesson 7.